Types of Implants

Get familiar with the breast implants

Breast implants were first used in 1960s. The modern prosthetic breast was invented in 1961 by the American plastic surgeons Thomas Cronin and Frank Gerow, and manufactured by the Dow Corning Corporation.  In due course, the first augmentation mammoplasty was performed in 1962. The implants weren’t very safe and there were many postoperative complications. The gel came through, the implant case got broken, and generally they didn’t have long life expectancy. Since that time major progress has been made, and it is now the most frequent method for breast augmentation. In fact,  it is the only reliable technique to increase the breasts by more than one size.

There are two basic types of breast implants: round or anatomical. The difference is not only in the shape but also in the price. The anatomical implants are usually more expensive. These two types of implants come with either a smooth or a textured surface and  are offered in various sizes. Just from one brand there can be hundreds of sizes to make every woman happy and to achieve dream breasts.

Round vs. Anatomical breast implants

The round breast implants give upper fullness and enable to increase the breast more visibly. For very thin ladies they can seem quite unnatural.

The anatomical breast implants have the teardrop shape and can provide patients with a more natural looking breast.

Filler and surface of the breast implants

Nowadays the implants have long life expactancy, an ideal shape and a special surface to prevent  the impland from moving or rotating. The  textured surface has different size of leakers. The implants can easily attach to ambient tissue to avoid their movement and eventually the capsular formation and contracture. Capsule formation is a normal body reaction which occurs around any foreign object. With breast implants, the capsule sometimes contracts after it forms, and in some cases this results in very firm breasts which may also have associated tenderness or pain. This condition might cause hardening of the breast, pain, increased sensitivity to touch, rippling or  distortion of the breast, or movement or displacement of the implant.

The surface of implants is made of silicone and the implant filler of silicone gel. This gel is safe for a human body and it copies the structure of breast tissue. It seems and also feels natural.  The second type of breast implants are saline-filled. Saline-filled breast implants are filled with a saltwater solution during the surgery that is similar to the fluid that makes up most of human body.

Brands of breast implants

There are many companies who produce the breast implants on today's market. We at the OB clinic cooperate only with those who fulfill the highest requirements on quality and safety due to strict international norms. We use breast implants from these suppliers – Polytech Gmbh, Mentor and Natrelle.

Incision and placement choices

There are several options  which can be utilized during augmentation surgery. Breast augmentation is normally performed using one of three common incision sites: around the nipple, within the breast fold or under the arm.

Around the nipple (periareolar) – this incision offers the benefit of being the most concealed. However, it might cause some interference with breast feeding.

Within the breast fold (inframammary) – this incision is very popular because i tis concealed in the skin fold below the breast.

-  Under the arm (transaxillary) – this incision is less concealed, but it might be a good option for women who do not want any scars on their breasts.

 

During a breast augmentation procedure, the implants will either be placed under the chest muscle (submuscular) or on top of the muscle and under the breast glands (subglanduar).

Submuscular placement – may reduce the chances of your implants being felt through your skin, and it may help reduce the chance of scar tissue hardening around your breast during a mammogram. Possible disadvantages of this placement choice could be a longer surgery and recovery period. This procedure is usually used for very thin women. 

Subglanduar placement – can make your augmentation surgery shorter and reduce your recovery time. A possible disadvantage could be having your implant edges more visibly noticeable under your skin. Imaging during a mammogram can also be more difficult when your implants are placed subglandularly.   

The right method is not known in advance but is based on your personal consultation with the plastic surgeon. Sufficient mutual communication and full awareness is an essential condition for the best results.

 

 

 


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